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Table 1 Summarised recorded variables in the survey

From: Differences between urban and rural hedges in England revealed by a citizen science project

Question category Answer variables
Type of recording group School, volunteer group, family or friends
Weather Sunny, cloudy but no rain, raining
Surrounding area Urban, garden, park, school, farmland, grassland, wood or forest, other
Land use on both sides of the hedge Crops, grassland, hard surface (unspecified), garden, woodland, waterway, cannot see (other side)
Structure of hedge Bushes, bushes and trees, trees
Gaps in hedge None, a few, more gaps than hedge
Hedge shape Untrimmed, leggy, laid, neatly trimmed, heavily trimmed
Features in the hedge Fence, ditch, bank, undisturbed strip, wall
Hedge height In four categories from <1 m to >3 m
Hedge width In three categories from <1 m to >2 m
Hedge length In four categories from <5 m to >50 m
Hedge plant species Presence/absence of 12 woody species, (see Table 3)
Numbers of berries, nuts or flowers In four categories from <10 to >1000
Invertebrates Counts of invertebrates in 24 named groups (see Table 4)
Size of any holes in the ground In five categories from <2 cm to >30 cm
Other wildlife seen Free text