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Fig. 4 | BMC Ecology

Fig. 4

From: Using multivariate cross correlations, Granger causality and graphical models to quantify spatiotemporal synchronization and causality between pest populations

Fig. 4

a Force directed network layouts for cross correlations (CRCO) and b partial cross correlations (PACO) and after the false discovery rate (FDR) correction that was used to calculate their adjacency matrix. The networks are based on assigning forces among the set of links and nodes to obtain interpretable community structures using the Barnes–Hut approximation algorithm of Cyto-scape (Xi: A. orana, Yi: A. lineatella and Zi: G. molesta; Temp: mean temperature; RH relative humidity)

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